Turkish Language Spoken
Welcome to our guide to Turkey. This is useful for anyone researching Turkish culture, customs, manners, etiquette, values and wanting to understand the people better. You may be going to Turkey on business, for a visit or even hosting Turkish colleagues or clients in your own country. Remember this is only a very basic level introduction and is not meant to stereotype all Turks you may meet!
Facts and Statistics
Location: southeastern Europe and southwestern Asia (that portion of Turkey west of the Bosporus is geographically part of Europe), bordering the Black Sea, between Bulgaria and Georgia, and bordering the Aegean Sea and the Mediterranean Sea, between Greece and Syria
Climate: temperate; hot, dry summers with mild, wet winters; harsher in interior
Government: republican parliamentary democracy
The Turkish Language
The official language, Turkish, is the first language spoken by 90% of the 63m population. Minority languages include Kurdish, spoken by 6% of the population. Arabic is spoken by 1.2% of the Turkish population; most of those speakers are bilingual Arabic and Turkish speakers. Other minority languages include Circassian, spoken by more than 0.09% throughout the country, Greek, Armenian and Judezmo, a Romance language spoken by Jews.
Turkish Society and CultureIslam
Islam is the religion of the majority of Turks although the state is fiercely secular. Islam emanated from what is today Saudi Arabia. The Prophet Muhammad is seen as the last of God's emissaries (following in the footsteps of Jesus, Moses, Abraham, etc) to bring revelation to mankind. He was distinguished with bringing a message for the whole of mankind, rather than just to a certain peoples. As Moses brought the Torah and Jesus the Bible, Muhammad brought the last book, the Quran. The Quran and the actions of the Prophet (the Sunnah) are used as the basis for all guidance in the religion.
Among certain obligations for Muslims are to pray five times a day - at dawn, noon, afternoon, sunset, and evening. The exact time is listed in the local newspaper each day. Friday is the Muslim holy day although this is not practised in Turkey. However, most males will attend the congregational afternoon prayer. During the holy month of Ramazan all Muslims must fast from dawn to dusk. Fasting includes no eating, drinking, cigarette smoking, or gum chewing
Etiquette & Customs in TurkeyMeeting and Greeting Etiquette
Berlitz Turkish Phrase Book & Dictionary
Book (Berlitz Publishing)
By the criteria of most linguists, the fact that a language may be written in a different SCRIPT does not make it a separate language. Often the decision is a political or ethnically charged one, rather than a linguistically based one. For example, certain dialects of Turkish, Farsi and Romanian that were spoken in the former Soviet Union were officially written in Cyrillic script, even though very similar dialects outside the Soviet Union were written in Latin (for Romanian) or Arabic (for Farsi and Turkish) script.
Here is some more information about Urdu and Hindi, which backs up the assertion that they are the same language:
True, the Turks don't want a Kurdish state, but
I say screw what they want. What is their problem anyway? Talk about a selfish nation. I mean, they've already bombed their own Kurds to kingdom-come claiming that they are terrorists. That's a favorite thing for governments to say these days when a different group agitates for independence. The peaceful Kurdish demonstrators and groups were rounded up, jailed, exiled, or killed. What choice do these people have if the govt. is telling them to stop speaking their own language and informing them that they are nothing but mountain Turks? Also, there is a vengeful vein in much of Turkish society
Roll with portugese
Spanish is a good language to know, but the US is already saturated with bilingual spanish/english speakers.
brazil has a lot of great things going on and is on the rise to become a major economic power. german is okay, and it is very easy to learn as an english speaker -- however, many germans already speak a great deal of english.
hindi and also arabic might be worth checking out too, but that would require learning a new script/alphabet (chinese and roman are enough).
others to consider
cantonese (GREAT opportunities in hong kong)
turkish (another emerging economy, but i think a lot of english is spoken in turkey, i could be wrong)
of the languages mentioned, i think portugese might have the most value in 10 years, as brazil is very slow to adapt to modern english requirements found in europe and asia
It's actually "who wouldn't?"
But I guess because of the Internet, the English language is no longer what it was two generations ago.
On the subject of language, English is the worst and most illogical of languages.
If an extraterrestrial landed on Earth and asked, "I want to learn a human langugage. I have narrowed it down to three: English, German, and Turkish."
Without question, the most logical choice is Turkish, followed by German, then English.
I say logical based on the fact that there are virtually NO irregularities with Turkish---no unpronounced glyphs (no silent letters), no glyphs have different tones or sounds, and no such things as strong and weak verbs (stem vowel changes)
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Byki Turkish Language Tutor Software & Audio Learning CD-ROM for Windows & Mac
Software (Transparent Language, Inc)
- New 4.0 version includes Over 2, words and 500 phrases! Learn written and spoken language with a rapid 3-step process.
- Personalized learning sessions to speed your progress. Images and native speaker sound. Learn critical phrases early with QuickStart.
- Lock words and phrases into your permanent memory. Maintain your knowledge with Intelligent Refresh. Track your progress with comprehensive testing
- Learn thousands of extra words and phrases online at ListCentral. Create and share word lists with users around the world
- MP3 audio for your iPod or other mobile player. BYKI teaches you to recognize the written and spoken forms of each word. Printable flashcards.
Nyrius LT12 12 Language Global Digital Talking Translator Foreign Pocket-Sized Electronic Speaking Dictionary
CE (SVAT Electronics)
- Cross-translate 12 international languages using any of the 8400 built-in phrases
- Auto power off, volume selection and reset button
- Handheld electronic translators are the modern answer to paper dictionaries
- Device speaks the foreign phrases aloud
- Integrated alarm clock and data bank with password lock
Turkish Phase 1, Unit 01: Learn to Speak and Understand Turkish with Pimsleur Language Programs
Audible (Simon & Schuster Audio)
Colloquial Turkish: The Complete Course for Beginners (Colloquial Series)