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Turkish Language Spoken

Turkey - Turkish Language, Culture, Customs and Etiquette

Turkey FlagWelcome to our guide to Turkey. This is useful for anyone researching Turkish culture, customs, manners, etiquette, values and wanting to understand the people better. You may be going to Turkey on business, for a visit or even hosting Turkish colleagues or clients in your own country. Remember this is only a very basic level introduction and is not meant to stereotype all Turks you may meet!

Facts and Statistics

Location: southeastern Europe and southwestern Asia (that portion of Turkey west of the Bosporus is geographically part of Europe), bordering the Black Sea, between Bulgaria and Georgia, and bordering the Aegean Sea and the Mediterranean Sea, between Greece and Syria

Capital: Ankara

Climate: temperate; hot, dry summers with mild, wet winters; harsher in interior

Government: republican parliamentary democracy

The Turkish Language

The official language, Turkish, is the first language spoken by 90% of the 63m population. Minority languages include Kurdish, spoken by 6% of the population. Arabic is spoken by 1.2% of the Turkish population; most of those speakers are bilingual Arabic and Turkish speakers. Other minority languages include Circassian, spoken by more than 0.09% throughout the country, Greek, Armenian and Judezmo, a Romance language spoken by Jews.

Etiquette in TurkeyTurkish Society and Culture


Islam is the religion of the majority of Turks although the state is fiercely secular. Islam emanated from what is today Saudi Arabia. The Prophet Muhammad is seen as the last of God's emissaries (following in the footsteps of Jesus, Moses, Abraham, etc) to bring revelation to mankind. He was distinguished with bringing a message for the whole of mankind, rather than just to a certain peoples. As Moses brought the Torah and Jesus the Bible, Muhammad brought the last book, the Quran. The Quran and the actions of the Prophet (the Sunnah) are used as the basis for all guidance in the religion.

Among certain obligations for Muslims are to pray five times a day - at dawn, noon, afternoon, sunset, and evening. The exact time is listed in the local newspaper each day. Friday is the Muslim holy day although this is not practised in Turkey. However, most males will attend the congregational afternoon prayer. During the holy month of Ramazan all Muslims must fast from dawn to dusk. Fasting includes no eating, drinking, cigarette smoking, or gum chewing

Etiquette & Customs in Turkey

Meeting and Greeting Etiquette
Berlitz Publishing Berlitz Turkish Phrase Book & Dictionary
Book (Berlitz Publishing)


by Just-a-thought

By the criteria of most linguists, the fact that a language may be written in a different SCRIPT does not make it a separate language. Often the decision is a political or ethnically charged one, rather than a linguistically based one. For example, certain dialects of Turkish, Farsi and Romanian that were spoken in the former Soviet Union were officially written in Cyrillic script, even though very similar dialects outside the Soviet Union were written in Latin (for Romanian) or Arabic (for Farsi and Turkish) script.
Here is some more information about Urdu and Hindi, which backs up the assertion that they are the same language:

True, the Turks don't want a Kurdish state, but

by raider_of_arks

I say screw what they want. What is their problem anyway? Talk about a selfish nation. I mean, they've already bombed their own Kurds to kingdom-come claiming that they are terrorists. That's a favorite thing for governments to say these days when a different group agitates for independence. The peaceful Kurdish demonstrators and groups were rounded up, jailed, exiled, or killed. What choice do these people have if the govt. is telling them to stop speaking their own language and informing them that they are nothing but mountain Turks? Also, there is a vengeful vein in much of Turkish society

Roll with portugese

by MrLosingIt

Spanish is a good language to know, but the US is already saturated with bilingual spanish/english speakers.
brazil has a lot of great things going on and is on the rise to become a major economic power. german is okay, and it is very easy to learn as an english speaker -- however, many germans already speak a great deal of english.
hindi and also arabic might be worth checking out too, but that would require learning a new script/alphabet (chinese and roman are enough).
others to consider
cantonese (GREAT opportunities in hong kong)
turkish (another emerging economy, but i think a lot of english is spoken in turkey, i could be wrong)
of the languages mentioned, i think portugese might have the most value in 10 years, as brazil is very slow to adapt to modern english requirements found in europe and asia

It's actually "who wouldn't?"

by ---

But I guess because of the Internet, the English language is no longer what it was two generations ago.
On the subject of language, English is the worst and most illogical of languages.
If an extraterrestrial landed on Earth and asked, "I want to learn a human langugage. I have narrowed it down to three: English, German, and Turkish."
Without question, the most logical choice is Turkish, followed by German, then English.
I say logical based on the fact that there are virtually NO irregularities with Turkish---no unpronounced glyphs (no silent letters), no glyphs have different tones or sounds, and no such things as strong and weak verbs (stem vowel changes)

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Transparent Language, Inc Byki Turkish Language Tutor Software & Audio Learning CD-ROM for Windows & Mac
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SVAT Electronics Nyrius LT12 12 Language Global Digital Talking Translator Foreign Pocket-Sized Electronic Speaking Dictionary
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