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Turkish-Armenian Soccer Diplomacy | Global News Journal

Turkish soccer fans watching a big matchFollowing the national soccer team to a foreign country is usually a safe enough bet for any national leader. Photographs of the president or premier smiling and waving, the local colour, the national flags all play well at home; a few platitudes to charm the local press and a handshake. Simple, harmless political fun. When Turkish President Abdullah Gul visits Yerevan this weekend for Turkey’s World Cup qualifier against Armenia, however, there will be nothing simple about it. For the two countries, divided over a wartime slaughter that occurred early in the last century, it will be a historic moment, fraught with perils. For many Armenians, Gul’s presence will be an act of sheer effrontery by a state they accuse of an act of genocide against the Armenian people; an act of savagery by the old, collapsing Ottoman Empire for which they demand an apology and redress. For many nationalist Turks, his unprecedented venture, the first visit to Armenia by a Turkish leader, borders on betrayal of their country which they say committed no genocide. Hundreds of thousands, Turks and Armenians alike, they argue, died in the fierce fighting that consumed the region. Opposition leader Deniz Baykal gave a taste of that mood, remarking sarcastically that Gul should lay a wreath at the Yerevan genocide monument. Recklesness or statesmanship? Whichever it is, if it is either, it is arguably an act of political courage — as was the invitation issued by Armenian President Serzh Sarksyan. Gul might have left well alone as generations of Turkish leaders have done before him. Few in Turkey or Armenia, would have raised an eyebrow. There may well be anti-Turkish demonstrations in Yerevan and rumblings at home. Gul, a naturally mild-mannered man, must watch his words and his body language. Maybe soccer diplomacy could break the ice between Armenia and Turkey in the same way ping-pong diplomacy launched relations between the United States and Communist China. Gul’s visit to Armenia is the latest in a string of Turkish foreign policy interventions around his country’s troubled border areas, involving Syria, Iran, Israel, Iraq and more recently Georgia. Gul and Prime Minister Tayyip Erdogan might be seen as pander

Chronology.(Turkish history): An article from: Journal of International Affairs
Book (Columbia University School of International Public Affairs)

II -- Palestinian Nationalism: a "late start"

by Loku_v7

A large part of the problem, as explained by Muhammad Muslih's Book is that -- at the same time the Jews were energetically organizing -- Palestinian Nationalism had not yet arisen.
These were islamic citizens of the Turkish Empire, who had no clear political identity. A group of intellectuals had started a political journal called Filastin, but -- when the Turkish Empire Collapsed after WWI, there was no coherent sense of national identity.
A series of congesses was held, but delegates were divided as to whether they preferred some kind of union with Syria, Egypt, or "Palestine for the Palestinians"

Greek islanders visit Turkey for grocery shopping  — Daily Sabah
.. many people come to Turkey from the Greek Islands including Lesbos. "Greek tourists come to Kemeraltı between 10:00 a.m. and 04:30p.m. Within this time period, they spend [quite a bit].

Turkish Journal of Biology = Turk Biyoloji Dergisi
Magazine (Tubitak)
RoutledgeCurzon The Trans-Caucasian Campaign of the Turkish Army under Omer Pasha - A Personal Narrative: with The Trans-Caucasian Provinces - The Proper Field of ... to this editio (Caucasus World Classics)
Book (RoutledgeCurzon)
The Caliph's last heritage: a short history of the Turkish Empire.(Excerpt): An article from: International Journal of Kurdish Studies
Book (Kurdish Library)
30 Degrees South Publishers Teddy Luther's War: The Diary of a German-American in an Irish-Boer Commando
eBooks (30 Degrees South Publishers)
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