Turkish history school Books
But that's not so, said Hassan Taschkale, who is responsible for multicultural politics at the Education and Science Union in the western state of North Rhine-Westphalia. "There is sufficient and very good material out there, that's why I'm not using these books, " he explained.
"It seems the government in Turkey is trying to impose its rituals on German-Turkish students, too, " he claimed.
The contentious textbooks have primarily been used in North Rhine-Westphalia, as teachers there are free to use additional material that is not normally included in the curriculum.
After many schools complained about the textbooks' content, the union has called for the books to be banned.
The group said it fears the texts are too nationalistic and, in places, present a skewed view of history. The state's School Ministry is investigating those claims.
A right to Turkish culture and language?
The Turkish Embassy in Germany would not comment on the commotion surrounding the textbooks, instead pointing out Germany's policy of not recognizing dual citizenship. "The people between the ages of 18 and 23 who chose Turkish citizenship regrettably lose their German citizenship according to German law, " the embassy said. "If you look at these young people as future Turkish citizens, then it is their right to get to know their culture and langauge."
Accusations of altering history
The third volume of the textbook says that Armenians joined the Russians and English in 1915 and tried to weaken the Ottoman Empire. According to the text, the Armenians contractually agreed to give up their lands after the First World War. There is, however, no mention in the book of the expulsion and murder of up to 1.5 million Armenians.
"What is cited about the genocide is a real problem, " said Barbara Christophe of the Georg Eckert Institute for International Textbook Research, adding that she was not surprised as the book represents the same view of events taken by textbooks in Turkey.
While Christophe said it was good the book touched on the conflict with Armenians, which had been completely denied by school texts as late as the 1990s, she said it was done in an unacceptable manner. "This is naturally a representation that one cannot consent to, " Christophe said.
Christophe said improvements could also be made to German textbooks
She also said Germany sets a standard for its history textbooks that is not comparable to other countries. Due to its Nazi history, Germans are particularly careful about the presentation of historical context. Christophe said school kids in Germany are always informed about history's ethical dimensions in addition to factual data published in history books. This often means students believe they have adequately addressed a given topic and do not need to grapple with it personally. "That leads kids to think that what they are learning has nothing to do with them, " Christophe said.